EXPLORING THE BEAUTY OF THE MY SON TEMPLE
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Our country has a treasure trove of rich and precious heritage which is a condition for developing cultural tours in Vietnam. Up to now, there are eight heritage sites and landmarks that have been recognized as World Heritage Sites such as Hue Citadel, Ha Long Bay, My Son historical site, Hoi An ancient town, Phong Nha- Ke Bang National Park, Center of Thang Long Imperial City, Ho Dynasty Citadel, Trang An scenic area.
Potential of the cultural tourism in Vietnam
Besides, the museum of Vietnamese cultural heritage also includes intangible cultural heritages such as customs, traditions, festivals, performing arts, traditional handicrafts, and outstanding values about traditional medicine, culinary culture, traditional costumes of the community of ethnic groups in Vietnam.
Among them, My Son, a complex of unique temples and towers of the Champa people, now is still full of mystery and always attracts visitors. My Son is in a valley about 2 kilometers in diameter, surrounded by hills, in the mountain circuit about from 100 meters to 400 meters high from Dong Truong Son through My Son to Tra Kieu capital.
Visiting My Son temple complex
My Son sanctuary is located in Duy Phu Commune, Duy Xuyen district, Quang Nam province. The road leading to the center of the holy place is along the winding mountainside with many slopes. It is about 69 kilometers from Da Nang city and about 20 kilometers from Tra Kieu- the ancient city.
The couple icon Linga and Yoni
My Son Sanctuary in Vietnam ranks ninth in the top 10 most beautiful and famous temples in Southeast Asia. It is one of the destinations in the journey discovering Vietnamese culture.
The remaining ruins of My Son temple complex
My Son was probably built in the 4th century. Formerly, My Son was known as the Hindu holy place of the Champa Kingdom. This is the place where the washing ceremony occurred and offered the possesty of the kings after the throne. My Son is the only point of Cham art which has the process of continuous development from the 7th century to the 13th century.
Sculpture on the brick of Cham people rarely appears in other arts in the area. All the temples and substructures are built from bricks with a delicate technique. The motif decoration on the pillars along with the round statues and sandstone reliefs are carved based on Hindu mythology. Along with the harmonious combination of exquisite motifs on the outer wall of the tower, the My Son temple complex has the lively beauty, which brings the most characteristic of the style of Champa art.
My Son- a place that marks the golden period of the Champa Kingdom
With more than 70 architectures in brick and stone, built from VII century to XIII century, My Son became the most important architectural center of the ancient Cham kingdom. When it was discovered in the late nineteenth century and studied in the early twentieth century, My Son still had 68 architectural works. Although it was renovated by E.F.E.O ( Ecole Française d’Extrême Orient) from 1937 to 1944, due to heavy bombardment during the war years especially in 1969, there were only 32 monuments, of which about 20 temples, the tower retained its original appearance in 1975. In the years from 1981 to 1991, My Son was preserved and partially renovated with the professional help of P.K.Z in Poland.
Time and war have destroyed the relics heavily. But what remains in My Son still plays an extremely important role in the historical cultural architectural artistic heritage of the world.
The art of exquisite architecture, sculpture are still imprinted boldly in My Son
The temples here are not intact but are still the best material to understand the development of Cham art. The highlight of Cham sculpture is to show the intensity of human life with a variety of emotions.
With the ancient beauty filled with mysterious, My Son Holyland annually welcomes thousands of domestic and foreign tourists to visit. Because the global prominent values of a cultural heritage need to be protected for the benefit of all mankind, so in December 1999, together with Hoi An- the ancient town, the Temple of My Son was listed by UNESCO in the list of world cultural heritage. Since then, hundreds of thousands of Vietnam cultural tours occur here every year.